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Basel Protocol on Liability and Compensation for Damage Resulting from Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

Document type
Field of application
Dec 10, 1999
IUCN (ID: TRE-001341)
Title (French)

Protocole de Bâle sur la responsabilité et l'indemnisation en cas de dommages résultant de mouvements transfrontières et de l'élimination de déchets dangereux

Place of adoption
UN United Nations
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Waste & hazardous substances
Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings Dispute settlement Transport/storage Hazardous waste Waste disposal Transboundary movement of waste Pollution control Liability/compensation PIC-prior informed consent Enforcement/compliance Recycling/reuse Offences/penalties Technology transfer Waste management Data collection/reporting

Objective: To provide for a comprehensive regime for liability and for adequate and prompt compensation for damage resulting from the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes and their disposal including illegal traffic in those wastes.

Summary of provisions: Damage is defined under article 2 and includes the costs of measures of reinstatement of the impaired environment, limited to the costs of measures actually taken or to be undertaken. Article 3 specifies the scope of application of the Protocol. Strict liability for damage rest on the person who notifies in accordance to Article 6 of the Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal until the disposer has taken possession of the wastes. Thereafter the disposer is to be liable (art. 4). Where compensation under the Protocol does not cover costs of damage, additional and supplementary measures aimed at ensuring adequate and prompt compensation may be taken using existing mechanisms (art. 15). Articles 18 to 21 develop the applicable procedures regarding inter alia competent courts and applicable law.

Institutional mechanisms: A Meeting of the Parties is established (art. 24). The Secretariat of the Convention is given specific duties relating to the Protocol (art. 25)

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)

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* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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