Objective: To establish procedures for the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material from peaceful nuclear activities to the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or for purposes unknown and the deterrence of such diversion by the risk of early detection.
Summary of provisions: This Agreement is made between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the European Atomic Energy Community (the Community) and the non- nuclear weapon States members of Euratom (hereafter the States). The States undertake to accept safeguards on all sources or special fissionable material in all peaceful nuclear activities within their territories, under their jurisdiction or carried out under their control anywhere to verify that such material is not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices (art. 1). Material accountancy is to be used as a safeguard measure of fundamental importance, with containment and surveillance as important complementary measures (art. 29). The safeguards provided in this Agreement are to be implemented in a manner designed to avoid hampering the economic and technological development or international cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear activities, to avoid undue interference in the peaceful nuclear activities of the Community and be consistent with prudent management practices (art. 5). The Agency agrees to take every precaution to protect commercial and industrial secrets and other confidential information (art.6). The Agreement specifies the conditions under which the safeguards apply and what information is to be provided. A reporting system is established (art. 59-69) along with an inspection procedure (art. 70-90). It establishes the conditions under which the transfer into or out of the States is to be the responsibility of the Community (art. 91-97). Important terms are defined in article 98.
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)