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Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds

Document type
Field of application
Jun 16, 1995
IUCN (ID: TRE-001221)
Title abbreviation


Title (French)

Accord sur la conservation des oiseaux d'eau migrateurs d'Afrique - Eurasie

Title (Other)

Abkommen zur Erhaltung der afrikanisch-eurasischen wandernden Wasservögel

Place of adoption
The Hague
Arabic, English, French, Russian
Entry into force
Nov 1, 1999
Sea, Wild species & ecosystems
Data collection/reporting Policy/planning International agreement-text Protection of species Protection of habitats Protected area Biodiversity Wild fauna Birds Education Migratory species Protected animal species Ecosystem preservation Wetlands Alien species Research Stock enhancement/repopulation Management/conservation Monitoring

Objectives: To maintain African-Eurasian migratory waterbird species in a favourable conservation status or to restore them to such a status. Summary of provisions: (a) Parties to take measures to conserve migratory waterbirds, giving special attention to endangered species as well as those with an unfavourable conservation status (art. 3); (b) Specified, in an Action Plan which is annexed, actions which Parties shall undertake in relation to priority species and issues. These deal with species conversation, habitat conservation, management of human activities, research and monitoring, education and information and implementation (art. 4.); (c) Parties to designate an implementation authority and a contact point and prepare for each Meeting of the Parties a report on its implementation of the Agreement (art. 5); (d) Provide that the Meeting of the Parties shall be the decision-making body of the Agreement (art. 6); (e) Establishes a Technical Committee to facilitate the scientific and technical activities under the Agreement (art. 7.); (f) Sets out, in an annex, the list of waterbird species to which this agreement applies. (Source: UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 2005)


This agreement constitutes an AGREEMENT under the Convention of Migratory Species of Wild Animals ( Bonn Convention). It applies to all migratory waterbirds species listed in an Annex. General conservation provisions apply to these species. More detailed provisions are laid down in an Action Plan. The Action Plan forms an integral part of the Agreement and is binding upon the Parties. It may be amended by any meeting of the Parties by a two-third majority of the Parties present and voting; such amendments enter into force for all Parties 90 days after their adoption. Parties that have made a reservation in respect of an amendment are however not bound by it. The Action Plan specifies actions which Parties shall undertake in relation with priority species and issues. Priority issues include the provision of legal protection to species, habitat conservation measures, management of human activities, research and monitoring, education and information, and implementation measures. Priority species are listed in a Table appended to the Action Plan.

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Albania - -
Algeria - -
Belarus - -
Belgium -
Benin -
Botswana - -
Burkina Faso - -
Burundi - -
Chad - -
Croatia -
Cyprus - -
Czech Republic - -
Côte d'Ivoire - -
Djibouti - -
Equatorial Guinea - -
Estonia - -
Eswatini, Kingdom of - -
Ethiopia - -
European Union -
France -
Gabon -
Georgia - -
Ghana - -
Greece - -
Guinea -
Guinea-Bissau - -
Hungary - -
Iceland - -
Ireland -
Israel - -
Italy - -
Jordan -
Kenya - -
Latvia - -
Lebanon - -
Libya - -
Lithuania - -
Luxembourg -
Madagascar - -
Mali - -
Mauritania - -
Mauritius -
Moldova, Republic of
Montenegro - -
Morocco - -
Niger -
Nigeria -
North Macedonia -
Norway - -
Portugal - -
Romania - -
Rwanda - -
Senegal -
Slovakia -
Slovenia - -
South Africa -
Spain - -
Sweden -
Switzerland -
Syrian Arab Republic -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of - -
Uganda - -
Ukraine - -
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan -
Zimbabwe -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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