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1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972

Document type
Field of application
Feb 4, 1998
IUCN (ID: TRE-001268)
Title abbreviation

LC PROT 1996

Title (French)

Protocole de 1996 à la Convention de 1972 sur la prévention de la pollution des mers résultant de l'immersion de déchets

Title (Other)

Protokoll vom 7. November 1996 zum Übereinkommen über die Verhütung der Meeresverschmutzung durch das Einbringen von Abfällen und anderen Stoffen von 1972

Place of adoption
IMO International Maritime Organization
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Mar 24, 2006
Sea, Waste & hazardous substances
Biological agents Oil pollution International agreement-text Radioactive waste Navigation Ecosystem preservation Authorization/permit Management/conservation Hazardous waste Research Court/tribunal Air pollution (stationary sources) Inspection Toxicity/poisoning Marine pollution (dumping at sea) Hazardous substances Waste disposal Dispute settlement Liability/compensation Marine pollution Transport/storage Polluter pays principle Monitoring

Objectives: To protect the marine environment from all sources of pollution and to prevent, reduce and where practicable eliminate pollution caused by dumping or incineration at sea of wastes and other matter.

Summary of provisions: This Protocol supersedes the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 between Contracting Parties to this Protocol which are also Parties to the Convention (art. 23). Parties undertake to apply a precautionary approach to environmental protection from dumping of wastes or other matter. Each Party is to endeavour to promote practices whereby those it has authorised to engage in dumping or incineration at sea bear the responsibility of meeting the pollution prevention and control requirements. Parties are to act so as not to transfer, directly or indirectly, damage or likelihood of damage from one part of the environment to another or transform one type of pollution into another (art.3). The Protocol prohibits the dumping of any wastes or other matter, with the exception of those listed in Annex I which identifies wastes or other matter that may be considered for dumping or in certain circumstances (arts. 4 (1) and 8). A permit is required for the dumping of wastes and other matter listed in Annex I. Parties agree to adopt administrative or legislative measures to ensure that issuance of permits meet certain conditions (art. 4, Annex 2). Parties are to pay particular attention to opportunities to avoid dumping in favour of environmentally preferable alternatives (art. 4). Incineration at sea of wastes or other matter is prohibited (art. 5), with the exception of securing the safety of human life or vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man-made structures at sea in emergencies (art.8). Parties undertake not to allow the export of wastes or other matter to other countries for dumping or incineration at sea (art. 6). Each Party is to, at its discretion, either apply the provisions of the protocol or adopt other effective measures to control the deliberate disposal of wastes or other matter in marine international waters where such disposal would be dumping or incineration at sea within the meaning of the definitions of the Protocol, if conducted at sea (art. 7). Finally, each Party undertakes to designate an appropriate authority to issue permits, to keep relevant records and to monitor the condition of the sea for the purpose of the Protocol (art. 9), as well as to provide IMO or other Parties with such records and the findings of the monitoring as well as information on the administrative and legislative measures taken to implement the Protocol (art.9.4).

Institutional mechanisms: No later than two years after the entry into force of the Protocol, the Meeting of Contracting Parties is to establish procedures and mechanisms necessary to assess and promote compliance with the Protocol (art. 11).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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