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Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection (Oct. 4, 1991)

Countries/Territories Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Argentina Jan 14, 1998 Oct 28, 1993 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Australia Jan 14, 1998 Apr 6, 1994 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Belgium Jan 14, 1998 Apr 26, 1996 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Brazil Jan 14, 1998 Aug 15, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Bulgaria May 21, 1998 Apr 21, 1998 [2] -
Chile Jan 14, 1998 Jan 11, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
China Jan 14, 1998 Aug 2, 1994 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Czech Republic Sep 24, 2004 Aug 25, 2004 [1] Jan 1, 1993
Ecuador Jan 14, 1998 Jan 4, 1993 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Finland Jan 14, 1998 Nov 1, 1996 [1] Oct 4, 1991
France Jan 14, 1998 Feb 5, 1993 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Germany Jan 14, 1998 Nov 25, 1994 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Greece Jan 14, 1998 May 23, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
India Jan 14, 1998 Apr 26, 1996 [1] Jul 2, 1992
Italy Jan 14, 1998 Mar 31, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Japan Jan 14, 1998 Dec 15, 1997 [1] Sep 29, 1992
Netherlands Jan 14, 1998 Apr 14, 1994 [1] Oct 4, 1991
New Zealand Jan 14, 1998 Dec 22, 1994 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Norway Jan 14, 1998 Jun 16, 1993 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Peru Jan 14, 1998 Mar 8, 1993 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Poland Jan 14, 1998 Nov 1, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Korea, Republic of Jan 14, 1998 Jan 2, 1996 [1] Jul 2, 1992
Romania Mar 5, 2003 Feb 3, 2003 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Russian Federation Jan 14, 1998 Aug 6, 1997 [1] Oct 4, 1991
South Africa Jan 14, 1998 Aug 3, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Spain Jan 14, 1998 Jul 1, 1992 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Sweden Jan 14, 1998 Mar 30, 1994 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Ukraine Jun 24, 2001 May 25, 2001 [2] -
United Kingdom Jan 14, 1998 Apr 25, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
United States of America Jan 14, 1998 Apr 17, 1997 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Uruguay Jan 14, 1998 Jan 11, 1995 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Belarus Aug 15, 2008 Jul 16, 2008 [2] -
Monaco Jul 31, 2009 Jul 1, 2009 [2] -
Pakistan Mar 31, 2012 Mar 1, 2012 [2] -
Canada Dec 13, 2003 Nov 13, 2003 [1] Oct 4, 1991
Austria - - Oct 4, 1991
Colombia - - Oct 4, 1991
Denmark - - Jul 2, 1992
Hungary - - Oct 4, 1991
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. - - Oct 4, 1991
Slovakia - - Jan 1, 1993
Switzerland - - Oct 4, 1991
Portugal Oct 10, 2014 Sep 10, 2014 [2] -
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of Aug 31, 2014 Aug 1, 2014 [2] -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature