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Wild Bird Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4901-4916)

United States of America
Document type
1992 (2004)
Original source
United States Code - Title 16 - Conservation.
Wild species & ecosystems
Management/conservation Alien species Birds Endangered species Authorization/permit Enforcement/compliance Offences/penalties Protection of species Trade in species
Geographical area
Americas, Arctic, East Pacific, North America, North Atlantic

This Act establishes a Federal system to limit or prohibit U.S. imports of exotic bird species. It, among other things: imposes an moratorium on the importation of certain exotic bird species identified by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), and provides procedures for the Secretary to suspend trade in any CITES listed bird species and to remove trade suspensions on species; directs the Secretary to publish in the Federal Register a list of exotic bird species for which trade is allowed, and provides procedures for determining such species; provides criteria for the Secretary to determine whether exotic bird breeding facilities in other nations are "qualified" to export species to the U.S.; directs the Secretary to periodically review the trade in non-CITES species, and authorizes the Secretary to impose emergency moratoria; sets forth purposes for which the Secretary may issue permits; establishes guidelines for the assessment of civil penalties by the Secretary, and prescribes criminal penalties for violations of this Act; establishes the Exotic Bird Conservation Fund. The Secretary shall develop Regulations to carry out this Act.

Full text

References - Legislation

Implemented by

50 CFR § 15.1 - 15.33 - Taking, Possession, transportation, Sale, Purchase, Barter, Exportation, and Importation of Wildlife and Plants - Wild Bird Conservation Act.

Legislation | United States of America | 1993 (2014)

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Birds, Ranching/captive breeding, Keeping of live animals, Endangered species, Protection of species, Research, Trade in species, Transport/storage, Wild fauna


50 CFR § 11.1 - 11.34 - Taking, Possession, transportation, Sale, Purchase, Barter, Exportation, and Importation of Wildlife and Plants - Civil Procedures.

Legislation | United States of America | 1974 (2023)

Keyword: Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Birds, Endangered species, Enforcement/compliance, Hunting/capture, Internal trade, International trade, Marine mammals, Offences/penalties, Protection of species, Trade in species, Wild fauna, Wild flora