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Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) (42 U.S.C.).

United States of America
Document type
Original source
United States Code - Title 42 - The Public Health and Welfare.
Environment gen., Water, Waste & hazardous substances
Pollution control Public health Research Basic legislation Hazardous substances Waste disposal Waste management Waste prevention Recycling/reuse Drugs Freshwater pollution
Geographical area
Americas, Arctic, East Pacific, North America, North Atlantic

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) gives United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the authority powers to control hazardous waste in its full cycle." This includes the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. RCRA also set forth a framework for the management of non-hazardous solid wastes. The Act also set forth a framework for the management of non-hazardous solid wastes. The objectives of this Chapter are to promote the protection of health and the environment and to conserve valuable material and energy resources by, among other things— (1) providing technical and financial assistance to State and local governments and interstate agencies for the development of solid waste management plans (including resource recovery and resource conservation systems) which will promote improved solid waste management techniques (including more effective organizational arrangements), new and improved methods of collection, separation (2) providing training grants in occupations involving the design, operation, and maintenance of solid waste disposal systems; (3) prohibiting future open dumping on the land and requiring the conversion of existing open dumps to facilities which do not pose a danger to the environment or to health; (4) assuring that hazardous waste management practices are conducted in a manner which protects human health and the environment; (5) requiring that hazardous waste be properly managed in the first instance thereby reducing the need for corrective action at a future date; (6) minimizing the generation of hazardous waste and the land disposal of hazardous waste by encouraging process substitution, materials recovery, properly conducted recycling and reuse, and treatment; (7) establishing a viable Federal-State partnership to carry out the purposes of this Chapter and insuring that the Administrator will, in carrying out the provisions of Subchapter III of this Chapter, give a high priority to assisting and cooperating with States in obtaining full authorization of State programs under Subchapter III of this Chapter; (8) providing for the promulgation of guidelines for solid waste collection, transport, separation, recovery, and disposal practices and systems.

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