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Nature Conservation Act (No. 9 of 2023).

Country/Territory
Finland
Document type
Legislation
Date
2023
Source
FAO, FAOLEX
Subject
Environment gen., Forestry, Wild species & ecosystems, General
Keyword
Cultural heritage Indigenous peoples Protection of environment Climate change Sustainable development Research Liability/compensation Precautionary principle Governance Environmental planning Policy/planning Forestry protection measures Forest management/forest conservation Basic legislation Biodiversity Sustainable use Protection of habitats Wild fauna Wild flora Endangered species Birds Subsidy/incentive Ecosystem preservation Marine protected areas Protected area National parks Protection of species Trade in species Access-to-information Data collection/reporting Offences/penalties Enforcement/compliance
Geographical area
Arctic, Europe, Europe and Central Asia, European Union Countries, North-East Atlantic, Northern Europe
Entry into force notes
1 June 2023.
Abstract

The purpose of this law is to: 1) safeguard biodiversity; 2) protect the beauty of nature and the value of landscape; 3) promote adaptation to climate change; 4) support the sustainable use of natural resources and the natural environment; 5) increase public awareness of nature and environmental consciousness; and 6) promote nature research. The Act applies to the protection and conservation of nature and the landscape. The Act mandates the Ministry of the Environment to develop the national strategy for biodiversity and the action program to implement the strategy. The national shall establish nationwide operational, quantitative, and temporal goals to halt the loss of biodiversity and improve the condition of biological diversity.

Full text
Finnish
Website
www.finlex.fi

References - Legislation

Implements

Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conservation of wild birds.

Legislation | European Union | 2009

Keyword: Birds, Management/conservation, Endangered species, Hunting/capture, Protection of species

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage.

Legislation | European Union | 2004 (2019)

Keyword: Liability/compensation, Polluter pays principle, Protection of habitats, Data collection/reporting, Pollution control, Public health, Soil pollution/quality, Marine pollution, Sustainable use, Ecosystem preservation, Freshwater pollution, Protection of species

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora

Legislation | European Union | 1992 (2013)

Keyword: Ecosystem preservation, Protected area, Biodiversity, Protection of habitats, Wild fauna, Wild flora, Management/conservation, Endangered species, Hunting/capture, Hunting gear/hunting methods, Data collection/reporting, Protection of species

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Repeals

Nature Conservation Act (No. 1096 of 1996).

Legislation | Finland | 1996 (2011)

Keyword: Biodiversity, Management/conservation, Protected area, Protection of habitats, Policy/planning, Offences/penalties, Protection of species

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Implemented by

Government Decree on Nature Conservation (No. 1066 of 2023).

Legislation | Finland | 2023

Keyword: Biodiversity, Ecosystem preservation, Management/conservation, Protection of species, Endangered species

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree of the Ministry of the Environment on voluntary ecological compensation (No. 933 of 2023).

Legislation | Finland | 2023

Keyword: Management/conservation, Ecosystem preservation, Liability/compensation, Subsidy/incentive

Source: FAO, FAOLEX