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Law on environmental protection.

Country/Territory
Moldova, Republic of
Document type
Legislation
Date
1993 (2018)
Source
FAO, FAOLEX
Subject
Environment gen., Cultivated plants, Water, Wild species & ecosystems, Waste & hazardous substances
Keyword
Basic legislation Institution Inland waters Pollution control Soil pollution/quality Freshwater pollution Policy/planning Governance Local government Biodiversity Waste non-domestic sources Waste management Hazardous waste Fertilizers/nutrients Pesticides Radiation EIA Plant protection Toxicity/poisoning Plant production Management/conservation
Geographical area
CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States), Eastern Europe, Europe, Europe and Central Asia, Landlocked Developing Nations
Entry into force notes
This Law enters into force on the date of its offivial publication.
Abstract

This Law provides the basic legal framework for environmental protection, covering the principal environmental media (soil, inland waters, underground areas, atmosphere, natural heritage) as well as biological diversity, waste, toxic substances and plant protection. This Act consists of X Chapters divided into 95 Articles. Chapter I lays down general principles and provisions. Chapter II establishes competence of Parliament, President, Government and local bodies in the field of environmental protection. Chapter III establishes competence, powers, tasks and management structure of the authorized state institution in the field of environmental protection. Chapter IV establishes rights and duties of natural and legal persons in the field of environmental protection. Chapter V regards protection of natural resources and conservation of biodiversity. Chapter VI regards management of waste, toxic substances, mineral fertilizers and pesticides. Chapter VII regards protection against ionizing radiation. Chapter VIII regards constitution of the National Environmental Fund. Chapter IX establishes liability for the infringement of environmental legislation and dispute settlement in the field of environmental protection. Chapter X regards international agreements. Natural resources - land, subsoil, water, flora and fauna on the territory of the Republic of Moldova, as well as the airspace above it, are the national patrimony of the Republic of Moldova. The right to dispose of all natural resources of the Republic of Moldova in the name of the State shall belong to the Parliament. The transfer of ownership and use rights of natural resources to individuals and legal entities shall not exempt the holders of these rights from the observance of the legislation on environment protection. Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is conducted for drafting plans and programs developed by central and local public authorities in the field of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, energy, industry, transport, waste management, water management, electronic communications, tourism, land use, urban and rural planning, land development at the stage of elaboration thereof to assess possible environmental impacts caused by the planned activities. The State recognizes the right of all natural persons to a healthy environment and, to this end, provides it to them, in accordance with acting legislation. The Republic of Moldova does not authorize the construction of nuclear power plants on its territory, import, deployment and transportation of nuclear weapons, reprocessed nuclear fuel and any radioactive waste. An exception is the transport of nuclear materials between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Bulgaria through the territory of the Republic of Moldova and the territory of Ukraine. Specific regulation will be enacted according to article 2. An entire chapter is devoted to protection against "ionizing radiation" (Chap. 6), in particular it prohibits the siting of atomic energy plants, the siting or transition of atomic weapons as well as the import, siting or transition of nuclear wastes. Other related activities are allowed only with a licence and subject to very strict control. Two principal institutions are created: The State Department for Environment (a central Government ministry) (Chap. 3) and the Council for the Quality of the Environment (a consultative body under the President of the Republic) (Chap. 4).

Full text
Russian/English/Romanian

References - Legislation

Implemented by

Order No. OAM/2021 of the Environmental Agency establishing prohibited fishing periods in natural fishery waterbodies for 2021.

Legislation | Moldova, Republic of | 2021

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Inland fisheries, Equipment, Freshwater fishes, Enforcement/compliance

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Order No. OMM26/2023 validating the Regulation on activities of the institution State Supervisory Committee "National Bureau for the Implementation Projects in the field of environment".

Legislation | Moldova, Republic of | 2023 (2023)

Keyword: Institution, Monitoring, Data collection/reporting, Access-to-information

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Government Decree No. HG711/2022 validating the Regulation on the procedure for administration of the National environmental fund.

Legislation | Moldova, Republic of | 2022 (2023)

Keyword: Protection of environment, Special fund, Climate change, Sustainable use, Contract/agreement, Monitoring

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Amended by

Law No. 59-XV amending Law on environmental protection.

Legislation | Moldova, Republic of | 2003

Keyword: Environmental audit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Law No. 145-XV amending Law on environmental protection.

Legislation | Moldova, Republic of | 2003

Keyword: Hazardous substances, Hazardous waste, Transport/storage, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Law No. 409-XV amending Law on environmental protection.

Legislation | Moldova, Republic of | 2004

Keyword: Recycling/reuse

Source: FAO, FAOLEX