This Law, consisting of ten Chapters divided into 69 articles, establishes the basic principles and rules on the protection, conservation, restoration and sustainable use of biological diversity in conservation areas, as well as the integrated management for sustainable development of the country. It applies to all values and natural resources existing in the national territory and in waters under national jurisdiction, including all public or private entities that directly or indirectly may influence the national system of conservation areas in the country. In addition, it regulates the management of conservation areas, protection zones, recovery and restoration of biological diversity, management of endangered species, resettlement and rates, and setting respective inspection and sanction regimes. This Law amends several articles and reprints Law No. 16/2014 on the basic principles and rules on the protection, conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity within conservation areas. Amendments deal with: National system of conservation areas; Mechanisms for financing and compensation of conservation areas; Exercise of protection and supervision; Infringements and sanctions; Prison for perpetrators of crime; Deposit and custody of wild fauna and wild flora products, etc.