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Fishing Act (2015)

Country/Territory
Estonia
Document type
Legislation
Date
2015 (2023)
Source
FAO, FAOLEX
Original source
RT I, 17.03.2015, 1
Subject
Fisheries
Keyword
Basic legislation Fish products Fishery management and conservation Fishing area Fishing authorization Fishing charge Fishing vessel Foreign fishing Stock enhancement/repopulation Ecofriendly products/ecofriendly processes EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone Protection of environment Protection of species Biodiversity Business/industry/corporations Inland fisheries Marine fisheries Marine fishes Monitoring Aquaculture Aquatic animals Aquatic plants Authorization/permit Maritime zone
Geographical area
Europe, Europe and Central Asia, European Union Countries, Northern Europe
Entry into force notes
The Act enters into force as of 1 July 2015. Clause 91 2) of this Act enters into force on 1 September 2015; subsection 18 (4) and clause 91 1) enter into force on 1 January 2016; and clause 27 (1) 3) and subsections 27 (2) and (3) enter into force on 1 March 2016.
Abstract

The Act lays down principles for fishing in Estonia. Its purposes are to ensure conservation and economic use of fish and aquatic plant resources on the basis of internationally recognized principles of responsible fisheries; ensure reproduction capacity of fish and aquatic plant resources and productivity of bodies of water; and avoid undesirable changes in the ecosystem of bodies of water. The Act applies on the territory and in the exclusive economic zone of the Republic of Estonia with the specifications arising from the Exclusive Economic Zone Act and the legislation of the European Union. It also regulates fishing in waters outside the jurisdiction of the Republic of Estonia by vessels for which Estonian papers of nationality have been issued or if the fishing is carried out in the case provided for in this Act by an operator registered in the commercial register of the Republic of Estonia in so far as the legislation of the country of location of the fishing ground or any international agreement regulating fishing in the fishing ground or the EU legislation does not provide otherwise. The Act does not regulate fish farming and fishing in fish breeding structures, such as ponds, cages and pools.

Full text
English/Estonian
Website
www.riigiteataja.ee

References - Legislation

Implements

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1386/2007 laying down conservation and enforcement measures applicable in the Regulatory Area of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation.

Legislation | European Union | 2007

Keyword: Marine fisheries, Fishery management and conservation, High seas, Fishing gear/fishing method, Mesh, Size, Seasons, Enforcement/compliance, Cartilaginous fishes, Foreign fishing

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1005/2008 establishing a Community system to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, amending Regulations (EEC) No. 2847/93, (EC) No. 1936/2001 and (EC) No. 601/2004 and repealing Regulations (EC) No. 1093/94 and (EC) No. 1447/1999.

Legislation | European Union | 2008 (2023)

Keyword: Basic legislation, Fishery management and conservation, Marine fisheries, Fishing vessel, Offences/penalties, Enforcement/compliance, Landing, Inspection, International relations/cooperation, High seas, International trade, Transshipment, Fish products, Early warning system, Foreign fishing

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy, amending Regulations (EC) No. 847/96, (EC) No. 2371/2002, (EC) No. 811/2004, (EC) No. 768/2005, (EC) No. 2115/2005, (EC) No. 2166/2005, (EC) No. 388/2006, (EC) No. 509/2007, (EC) No. 676/2007, (EC) No. 1098/2007, (EC) No. 1300/2008, (EC) No. 1342/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) No. 2847/93, (EC) No. 1627/94 and (EC) No. 1966/2006.

Legislation | European Union | 2009 (2019)

Keyword: Access-to-information, Allocation/quota, Aquaculture, Aquatic animals, Artisanal fishing, Biodiversity, Certification, Coastal zone management, Cooperative/producer organization, Data collection/reporting, Enforcement/compliance, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing authorization, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Foreign fishing, Harbour, Inspection, International organization, International trade, Landing, Marine fisheries, Marine fishes, Maritime zone, Marking/identification, Monitoring, Non-commercial fishing, Offences/penalties, Precautionary principle, Processing/handling, Protected fishing area, Protection of species, Registration, Seasons, Size, Standards, Total allowable catch, Traceability/product tracing, Transport/storage

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Commission Regulation (EC) No. 26/2004 on the Community fishing fleet register.

Legislation | European Union | 2003

Keyword: Fishing vessel, Registration, Access-to-information

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1006/2008 concerning authorisations for fishing activities of Community fishing vessels outside Community waters and the access of third country vessels to Community waters, amending Regulations (EEC) No 2847/93 and (EC) No 1627/94 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 3317/94.

Legislation | European Union | 2008

Keyword: Marine fisheries, Foreign fishing, Fishing authorization, Data collection/reporting, Fishery management and conservation, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation (EU) No. 1236/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down a scheme of control and enforcement applicable in the area covered by the Convention on future multilateral cooperation in the North-East Atlantic fisheries and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No. 2791/1999.

Legislation | European Union | 2010

Keyword: Marine fisheries, Enforcement/compliance, Inspection, High seas, Fishery management and conservation, Monitoring, Landing, Foreign fishing

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 404/2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No. 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system, for ensuring compliance with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy.

Legislation | European Union | 2011

Keyword: Marine fisheries, Enforcement/compliance, Monitoring, Fishing vessel, Fishing authorization, Data collection/reporting, Inspection, International relations/cooperation, Fishery management and conservation, Foreign fishing, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation (EU) No. 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No. 1954/2003 and (EC) No. 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No. 2371/2002 and (EC) No. 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC.

Legislation | European Union | 2013 (2022)

Keyword: Framework law, Marine fisheries, Inland fisheries, Aquaculture, Mariculture, Foreign fishing, Fishery management and conservation, High seas, Access right, Enforcement/compliance, Inspection, Data collection/reporting, Institution, Policy/planning, Sustainable development, Sustainable use, Integrated management, Bycatch, Biodiversity, Ecosystem preservation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/218 on the Union fishing fleet register.

Legislation | European Union | 2017

Keyword: Fishing vessel, Data collection/reporting, Registration

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Repeals

Fishing Act (1995).

Legislation | Estonia | 1995 (2010)

Keyword: Basic legislation, Inland fisheries, Marine fisheries, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing charge, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Aquatic plants, Aquatic animals, Marine fishes, Freshwater fishes

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Implemented by

Regulation No. 40 of 2015 of Minister of the Environment of Estonia on form of special fishing permit, additional conditions for special fishing, review of application, issue and revocation of permit, application for special fishing right and application for use of electric fishing gear, issue of certificate and revocation of certificate.

Legislation | Estonia | 2015 (2023)

Keyword: Certification, Fishing authorization, Fishing gear/fishing method, Authorization/permit, Procedural matters, Registration, Fishery management and conservation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation No. 38 of 2015 of Minister of the Environment on Procedures for Application for and Issue of Fishing Licenses, Deadlines, Requirements for Power of Attorney for Notification of Removal of Fishing Gear and Procedure for Notification of Authorization, Procedure for Submission of Recreational Fishing Data and Procedure for Payment of Recreational Fishing Rights Fees.

Legislation | Estonia | 2015 (2023)

Keyword: Artisanal fishing, Fishing authorization, Fishing charge, Fishing gear/fishing method, Governance, Non-commercial fishing, Authorization/permit, Procedural matters, Fishery management and conservation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Regulation no. 164 of 2017 concerning The list of documents to be submitted when applying for a commercial fishing permit, the procedure for issuing, suspending and revoking a fishing permit, the methodology for calculating fishing opportunities and the fishing permit application and fishing permit forms.

Legislation | Estonia | 2017 (2021)

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Business/industry/corporations, Fishing area, Fishing authorization, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Procedural matters, Allocation/quota, Seasons, Fishery management and conservation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Environment no. 67 of 2015 concerning rates of compensation for damage caused to fish stocks and aquatic plants, calculation bases and methodology, and the form of the damage calculation Act.

Legislation | Estonia | 2015

Keyword: Resource/damage valuation, Aquatic animals, Aquatic plants, Liability/compensation, Fishery management and conservation, Stock enhancement/repopulation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Rural Affairs no. 79 of 2017 concerning Fishing fleet segments and their characteristics, requirements for a fishing vessel carrying a fishing fleet segment and the possibility of adding a fishing fleet segment.

Legislation | Estonia | 2017

Keyword: Certification, Fishing area, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Classification/declassification, Fishery management and conservation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Environment no. 4 of 2018 concerning Additional requirements and methodology for weighing landed fish.

Legislation | Estonia | 2018

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Business/industry/corporations, Data collection/reporting, Fishing authorization, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Landing, Marine fishes, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Regulation no. 89 of 2017 concerning procedure for the auction of fishing opportunities for commercial fishing.

Legislation | Estonia | 2017 (2020)

Keyword: Fishing authorization, Procedural matters, Royalties/fees, Registration, Fishery management and conservation, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Regulation no. 37 of 2016 concerning the procedure for issuing, suspending and revoking the fishing vessel certificate and the form of the fishing vessel certificate.

Legislation | Estonia | 2016 (2020)

Keyword: Data collection/reporting, Fishing authorization, Fishing vessel, Fishery management and conservation, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Regulation no. 155 of 2016 concerning procedure for submitting data related to fishing.

Legislation | Estonia | 2016 (2022)

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Aquatic plants, Authorization/permit, Business/industry/corporations, Data collection/reporting, Fish products, Fishing authorization, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, High seas, Landing, Protected fishing area, Total allowable catch, Transport/storage, Transshipment, Fishing area

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Fishing Regulations no. 65 of 2016.

Legislation | Estonia | 2016 (2022)

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Marine fisheries, Bycatch, Fishing gear/fishing method, Foreign fishing, Freshwater fishes, Inland fisheries, Marine fishes, Marking/identification, Mesh, Protected fishing area, Size, Non-commercial fishing, Protection of species, Seasons, EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone, Territorial sea, Maritime zone, Inland waters, Surface water

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of the Environment no. 31 of 2015 concerning the time, procedure and list of data to be submitted for reporting the arrival of a fishing vessel in port and the quantities of fish on board.

Legislation | Estonia | 2015 (2022)

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Data collection/reporting, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing authorization, Fishing vessel, Harbour, Marine fishes, Registration, Stock enhancement/repopulation, Total allowable catch, Marine fisheries

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Regulation no. 105 of 2022 concerning possibilities of commercial fishing, allowed annual catches and fee rates for fishing rights in 2023.

Legislation | Estonia | 2022 (2022)

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing authorization, Fishing charge, Fishing vessel, Foreign fishing, Inland fisheries, Marine fisheries, Marine fishes, Protected fishing area, Protection of species, Seasons, Territorial sea, Total allowable catch

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Environment no. 59 of 2022 concerning temporary fishing restrictions on Lake Peipsi, Lake Lämmi and Lake Pihkva in 2023.

Legislation | Estonia | 2022

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing gear/fishing method, Inland fisheries, Molluscs, Protected fishing area, Seasons, Size, Freshwater fishes

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of the Environment no. 51 of 2015, concerning the list of data submitted through the Satellite and GPS tracking system, the frequency and procedure of data submission, and the requirements for the tracking device and its use.

Legislation | Estonia | 2015 (2023)

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Data collection/reporting, Fishing authorization, Fishing vessel, Inland fisheries, Registration, Transport/storage, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Regional Minister no. 24 of 2023 concerning temporary fishing restrictions in the Baltic Sea and Lake Võrtsjärvi in ​​2023.

Legislation | Estonia | 2023

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Inland fisheries, Marine fisheries, Marine fishes, Mesh, Non-commercial fishing, Protected fishing area, Seasons

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of the Environment no. 54 of 2022 concerning temporary fishing restrictions, fishing rights fee and fishing equipment limit in recreational fishing in 2023.

Legislation | Estonia | 2022 (2023)

Keyword: Crustaceans, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing charge, Fishing gear/fishing method, Freshwater fishes, Inland fisheries, Marine fisheries, Non-commercial fishing, Protected fishing area, Aquatic animals

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of the Environment no. 39 2017 concerning the appointment of the observer, the requirements for the observer, the duties of the observer and the procedure and form of submitting the collected data for the observer on board.

Legislation | Estonia | 2017 (2023)

Keyword: Data collection/reporting, Deep sea bed, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Monitoring, Procedural matters, Protected fishing area, Protection of environment, Protection of species

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Rural Affairs no. 93 of 2017 concerning the Statute of Commercial Fishing Register.

Legislation | Estonia | 2017 (2023)

Keyword: Fishery management and conservation, Fishing gear/fishing method, Fishing vessel, Registration, Data collection/reporting, Institution, Fishing area, Fishing authorization, Fishing charge, Landing, Transshipment, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Environment no. 48 of 2017 concerning Establishment of a scientific and recreational fishing database and bylaws for maintaining the database.

Legislation | Estonia | 2017 (2023)

Keyword: Data collection/reporting, Authorization/permit, Non-commercial fishing, Aquatic plants, Certification, Financing, Fishery management and conservation, Fishing area, Fishing authorization, Fishing gear/fishing method, Monitoring, Stock enhancement/repopulation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Environment no. 39 of 2015 concerning Requirements for the application for stocking a fish naturally occurring in Estonia in a water body, the procedure for granting stocking permit.

Legislation | Estonia | 2015

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Fishery management and conservation, Procedural matters, Size, Stock enhancement/repopulation, Surface water, Inland waters

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Rural Affairs no. 30 of 2018 concerning Conditions and procedure for carrying a fishing vessel in segment 4S2 at the expense of free fishing capacity.

Legislation | Estonia | 2018 (2020)

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Fishing vessel, Procedural matters

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Rural Affairs no. 80 of 2019 concerning fish conversion factors.

Legislation | Estonia | 2019

Keyword: Data collection/reporting, Fishery management and conservation, Transport/storage

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of the Environment no. 51 of 2016 concerning Ports in the territory of the Republic of Estonia designated for landing cod, sprat and herring caught in the Baltic Sea.

Legislation | Estonia | 2016 (2021)

Keyword: Harbour, Landing, Marine fishes, Size, Fishery management and conservation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation of the Minister of Rural Affairs no. 41 of 2021 concerning Conditions and procedure for carrying a fishing vessel in segment 4S3 at the expense of free fishing capacity.

Legislation | Estonia | 2021

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Fishing vessel, Procedural matters

Source: FAO, FAOLEX