Ecolex Logo
The gateway to
environmental law
Search results » Legislation

Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act).

Country/Territory
United States of America
Document type
Legislation
Date
1972
Source
FAO, FAOLEX
Long title
An Act to provide for water pollution control activities in the Public Health Service of the Federal Security Agency and in the Federal Works Agency, and for other purposes.
Subject
Environment gen., Sea, Water
Keyword
Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution Marine pollution Freshwater resources management Water supply Institution Water quality standards Sewerage Effluent waste water/discharge Groundwater Wetlands Enforcement/compliance Environmental planning Monitoring Surface water Basic legislation Pollution control Aquaculture
Geographical area
Americas, Arctic, East Pacific, North America, North Atlantic
Abstract

The objective of this Act is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters. It establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters. It shall be unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit was obtained. The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) of the Environment Protection Agency permits program controls discharges. Individual homes that are connected to a municipal system, use a septic system, or do not have a surface discharge do not need an NPDES permit; however, industrial, municipal, and other facilities must obtain permits if their discharges go directly to surface waters.

Full text
English
Website
www.epw.senate.gov

References - Legislation

Implemented by

Water Code - Division 7: Water Quality - Chapter 5.5: Compliance with the Provisions of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act as Amended in 1972 (secs. 13670 - 13389).

Legislation | United States of America | 1972

Keyword: Aquaculture, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Effluent waste water/discharge, Environmental planning, Sustainable use, Pollution control

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (Consolidated Laws of New York: Environmental Conservation Law; Article 17 Water Pollution Control; Title 8; §§ 17-0801 − 17-0831)

Legislation | United States of America | 1909

Keyword: Pollution control, Water quality standards, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Authorization/permit, Governance, Effluent waste water/discharge, Environmental standards, Hazardous substances, Coastal zone management, Access-to-information, Public participation, Industrial water use, Local government, Procedural matters, Royalties/fees, Waste non-domestic sources, Groundwater, Inspection, Monitoring, Oil pollution, Enforcement/compliance, Hazardous waste, Protection of environment, Public health, Standards, Surface water

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Water Development Coordinating Council (Utah Code: Title 73 Water and Irrigation; Chapter 10c)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Institution, Water conservation zone, Freshwater resources management, Potable water, Pollution control, Water quality standards, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Authorization/permit, Waste disposal, Subsidy/incentive, Water supply, Public health

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Clean Water Rule: Definition of “Waters of the United States” (40 CFR 230.3).

Legislation | United States of America | 2015

Keyword: Marine pollution, Freshwater resources management, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Effluent waste water/discharge, Pollution control

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Michigan Safe Drinking Water Act (Act 399 of 1976)

Legislation | United States of America | 1976

Keyword: Potable water, Water quality standards, Water supply, Waterworks, Public health, Institution, Governance, Procedural matters, Pollution control, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Certification, Special fund, Offences/penalties

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Powers and Duties Concerning Water Pollution Control (Indiana Code: Title 13 Environment; Article 18 Water Pollution Control; Chapter 3)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Institution, Governance, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Pollution control, Water quality standards, Classification/declassification, Research, Risk assessment/management, Sewerage, Flood, Disasters, Enforcement/compliance, Waterworks, Well sinking/boreholes, Policy/planning, Effluent waste water/discharge, Special fund, Authorization/permit

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Water Pollution Agency under Federal Law (Indiana Code: Title 13 Environment; Article 18 Water Pollution Control; Chapter 2)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Institution, Governance, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Pollution control, Water quality standards, Subsidy/incentive, Financing, Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Classification/declassification, Standards, Surface water

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Federal Safe Drinking Water Act (Indiana Code: Title 13 Environment; Article 18 Water Pollution Control; Chapter 20.5)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Governance, Procedural matters, Royalties/fees, Liability/compensation, Tax/levy, Offences/penalties, Enforcement/compliance, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Pollution control, Water quality standards

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Department Action on Certification Applications (Indiana Code: Title 13 Environment; Article 18 Water Pollution Control; Chapter 23)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Certification, Procedural matters, Governance, Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Pollution control, Water quality standards

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (40 CFR 141.1 - 141.861)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Potable water, Public health, MRL-maximum residue limit, Food quality control/food safety, Water quality standards, Water supply, Waterworks, Pollution control, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Freshwater resources management, Standards, Consumer protection, Offences/penalties, Groundwater

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Water Quality Standards (40 CFR 131.1 - 131.46)

Legislation | United States of America

Keyword: Potable water, Water quality standards, Pollution control, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Procedural matters, Governance, Indigenous peoples, Water supply, Surface water

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Amended by

Act to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to provide for an integrated planning process, to promote green infrastructure, and for other purposes

Legislation | United States of America | 2018

Keyword: Integrated management, Waterworks, Rainwater, Waste disposal, Local government, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Water quality standards, Pollution control, Governance, Sewerage, Ecofriendly products/ecofriendly processes, Research, Subsidy/incentive, Institution, Education, Access-to-information, Freshwater resources management, Protection of environment, Public health, Enforcement/compliance

Source: FAO, FAOLEX