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Emergency Ordinance no. 195 of 22 December 2005 on environmental protection.

Document type
2005 (2022)
Energy, Environment gen., Land & soil, Water, Wild species & ecosystems, Waste & hazardous substances
Nuclear energy Protection of environment Framework law Air quality/air pollution Biodiversity Biosafety Biotechnology Climate change Ecofriendly products/ecofriendly processes Ecosystem preservation Integrated management Local government Monitoring Noise pollution Fertilizers/nutrients Offences/penalties Pesticides Polluter pays principle Pollution control Precautionary principle Protected area Protection of habitats Public health Public participation Right to clean/healthy environment Sustainable development Sustainable use Genetically modified organism (GMO) Liability/compensation International relations/cooperation Human rights Soil conservation/soil improvement Soil pollution/quality Soil rehabilitation Waste management Hazardous substances Hazardous waste
Geographical area
Black Sea, Eastern Europe, Europe, Europe and Central Asia, European Union Countries
Entry into force notes
This text entered into force on the day of its publication.

This Romanian Emergency Ordinance represents a normative act, on the basis of which subsequent legislation in the field of environmental protection can be adopted. Environmental protection is here defined as an obligation and responsibility of the central and local public administration authorities, as well as of all natural and legal persons (article 6). The object of this Emergency Ordinance is a set of legal regulations on environmental protection, an objective of major public interest, based on the principles and strategic elements that lead to sustainable development. The environment represents a set of conditions and natural elements of the Earth: air, water, soil, subsoil, characteristic aspects of the landscape, all atmospheric layers, all organic and inorganic matter, as well as living beings, interacting natural systems, including the elements listed previously, including some material and spiritual values, quality of life and conditions that may influence human well-being and health.

Full text

References - Legislation


Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage.

Legislation | European Union | 2004 (2019)

Keyword: Liability/compensation, Polluter pays principle, Protection of habitats, Data collection/reporting, Pollution control, Public health, Soil pollution/quality, Marine pollution, Sustainable use, Ecosystem preservation, Freshwater pollution, Protection of species



Loi nº 137 sur la protection de l'environnement.

Legislation | Romania | 1995

Keyword: Framework law, Basic legislation, Institution, Environmental planning, Authorization/permit, Protected area, Pollution control, Soil pollution/quality, Education, Offences/penalties, EIA, Policy/planning, Forest management/forest conservation, Forestry protection measures, Biodiversity, Freshwater pollution


Implemented by

Law no. 265 of 29 June 2006 on the approval of the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 195/2005 on environmental protection.

Legislation | Romania | 2006

Keyword: Integrated management, Sustainable development, Polluter pays principle, Pollution control, Precautionary principle, Public health, Public participation, Sustainable use, Ecosystem preservation, Biodiversity, International relations/cooperation, Offences/penalties, GMO, Biosafety, Biosecurity, Nuclear energy, Air quality/air pollution, Noise pollution, Climate change, Soil conservation/soil improvement, Fertilizers/nutrients, Hazardous substances, Hazardous waste, Waste management


Decision no. 1,403 of 19 November 2007 on the restoration of areas where soil, subsoil and terrestrial ecosystems have been affected.

Legislation | Romania | 2007

Keyword: Ecosystem preservation, Soil conservation/soil improvement, Soil rehabilitation