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Biological diversity Act.

Document type
Original source
State Gazette No. 77, 9 August 2002.
Wild species & ecosystems
Basic legislation Biodiversity Ecosystem preservation Endangered species Ex-situ conservation Wild fauna Wild flora Internal trade International trade Keeping of live animals Management/conservation Monitoring Offences/penalties Protected area Ranching/captive breeding Birds Community management Protection of species Trade in species Protection of habitats
Geographical area
Black Sea, Eastern Europe, Europe, Europe and Central Asia, European Union Countries
Entry into force notes
This Law enters into force on 9 August 2002.

The Biological Diversity Act aims to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in the Republic of Bulgaria. The State shall establish the National Ecological Network (NEN), which purpose shall be the long term conservation of biological, geological and landscape diversity, creation of high quality conditions for wild animal breeding, preservation and protection of endangered, rare and endemic plant, etc. The NEN shall be completed by 2006 and is meant to cover 10-12% of the national territory and the protected zones. The Act regulates the conservation of the protected plant and animal species of wild flora and fauna by introducing a number of protective measures as a regulatory regime of their use, prohibition of methods, devices and means for capture and killing, elaboration of action plans etc. The Act also covers the conservation of the genetic resources and the diversity of plant and animal species outside the natural surroundings, the introduction of non-native and reintroduction of native plant and animal species into the wild, conservation of centuries-old and remarkable trees, and it sets up a detailed rules for trade in endangered species of the wild flora and fauna. The competent authorities are the Ministry of Environment and Water (incl. Regional Inspections of Environment and Water and National Park Directorates), Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works, Customs Agency. A consultative body to the Minister of Environment and Water is established – National Council on Biological Diversity.

Full text

References - Legislation


Nature Protection Act.

Legislation | Bulgaria | 1967 (1991)

Keyword: Framework law, Pollution control, Agricultural land, Protection of environment, Policy/planning, Management/conservation, Cultural heritage, Endangered species, Protection of species, Tourism, Wild fauna, Wild flora


Implemented by

Regulation No.4 on the conditions and order for issuance of permits for introduction of non native or reintroduction of native animal and plant species into the nature.

Legislation | Bulgaria | 2002

Keyword: Plant variety, Ranching/captive breeding, Authorization/permit, Stock enhancement/repopulation, Biodiversity


Regulation No.5 on the conditions and order for the elaboration of action plans for animal and plant species.

Legislation | Bulgaria | 2003

Keyword: Policy/planning, Protection of species


Decree No. 14 of 2005 on the conditions and procedure for issuing permits for introducing non-native or reintroduction of local trees, bushes and hunting species into nature and on taking into account the opinion of the public in the region of reintroduction.

Legislation | Bulgaria | 2005

Keyword: Alien species, Plant variety, Public participation, Biodiversity, Biosecurity, Inspection, Wild fauna, Wild flora, Hunting/capture


Decision № 122 of 2 March 2007 on the adoption of a list of protected areas for the protection of wild birds and a list of protected areas for the protection of natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna.

Legislation | Bulgaria | 2007 (2008)

Keyword: Biodiversity, Protected area, Protection of habitats, Protection of species, Wild fauna, Wild flora, Zoning