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African Elephant Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4201-4246).

United States of America
Document type
1988 (2004)
Original source
United States Code - Title 16 - Conservation.
Wild species & ecosystems
Management/conservation Endangered species Data collection/reporting International trade Wildlife products Offences/penalties Protection of species Trade in species
Geographical area
Americas, Arctic, East Pacific, North America, North Atlantic

The purpose of this Act is to protect African elephants. It addresses the large illegal trade in African elephant ivory which is the major cause of the decline of elephant populations in Africa and threat to the continued existence of the African elephant. A special fund is authorized to provide assistance to African governments for elephant research and conservation. The Secretary of the Interior is directed to review existing elephant conservation programs in Africa. Criteria are established for declaring and removing moratoria on ivory imports from source countries and from intermediary countries based upon the results of these reviews. Import of sport-hunted African elephant trophies is exempted from any moratoria imposed by the Secretary, but export of raw ivory is prohibited. Extensive investigation into elephant conservation and ivory trade is required, with a report to be submitted to Congress each year. Also a comprehensive report to Congress is required concerning the effectiveness of the Act. Criminal and civil penalties and enforcement procedures are defined. Circumstances for permitting the import and export of ivory are outlined, and rewards may be provided for information.

Full text

References - Legislation

Implemented by

50 CFR § 11.1 - 11.34 - Taking, Possession, transportation, Sale, Purchase, Barter, Exportation, and Importation of Wildlife and Plants - Civil Procedures.

Legislation | United States of America | 1974 (2023)

Keyword: Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Birds, Endangered species, Enforcement/compliance, Hunting/capture, Internal trade, International trade, Marine mammals, Offences/penalties, Protection of species, Trade in species, Wild fauna, Wild flora