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Act No. CXVI of 1996 on atomic energy.

Document type
1996 (2013)
Energy, Environment gen.
Authorization/permit Certification Data collection/reporting Early warning system Energy conservation/energy production Registration Special fund Transport/storage Royalties/fees Liability/compensation Radiation Pollution control Hazardous waste Polluter pays principle Precautionary principle
Geographical area
Eastern Europe, Europe, Europe and Central Asia, European Union Countries
Entry into force notes
The consolidated version of the Act entered into force on 1 January 2014.

The purpose of this Act is to ensure: the peaceful use of atomic energy in industrial, agricultural, health-care and scientific activities, taking into account the risks it may represent to human life and to nature; that national security rules are in conformity with international standards; the protection of the population and the environment against the hazardous effects of ionizing radiation. This Act provides also for administrative duties and obligations of atomic energy users and of the involved authorities, and for the authorization proceedings related to the use of atomic energy. The Government, through the National Atomic Energy Agency governs and controls that atomic energy be used in a safe manner. Nuclear plants must pay a kind of tax to the Agency according to Art. 19 which sets out also the amount of such payment. Duties of control and opinion making regarding the radioactivity of soil are performed by the minister in charge of agricultural issues, while these duties relative to the radioactivity of plants, animals and food of plant or animal origin, and the duties correlated to the analyses and certification of food for international commercial purposes are performed by the minister in charge of food chain control. The control of radioactive pollution of the atmosphere, land and waters is performed by the minister in charge of environmental protection. This Act provides rules also for the storage and disposal of radioactive wastes and spent fuels, for actions to prevent extraordinary events and to mitigate eventual consequences, for the liability for damages arising from the use of atomic energy and for the reimbursement for damages caused. Chapter VI lays down provisions regarding the National Nuclear Fund which is a separate state fund ensuring the financing of: the final disposal of radioactive wastes, the temporary storage of spent fuels, the closing of the nuclear fuel cycle and the nuclear site dismantlement.

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References - Legislation


Council Directive 2009/71/EURATOM establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations.

Legislation | European Union | 2009

Keyword: Nuclear energy, Energy conservation/energy production, Radiation, Pollution control


Council Directive 96/29/Euratom laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation.

Legislation | European Union | 1996

Keyword: Radiation, Authorization/permit, Early warning system, Environmental audit, Inspection, Data collection/reporting, Pollution control, Recycling/reuse, Hazardous waste, Waste management


Implemented by

Governmental Decree No. 246 of 2011 (XI.24.) concerning the safety zone of nuclear installations and of radioactive waste disposal sites.

Legislation | Hungary | 2011

Keyword: Nuclear energy, Hazardous waste


Governmental Decree No. 118 of 2011 (VII.11.) on nuclear safety requirements of nuclear establishments and on public administrative duties related to it.

Legislation | Hungary | 2011 (2014)

Keyword: Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Authorization/permit, Data collection/reporting, Early warning system, Inspection, Nuclear energy, Hazards, Monitoring, Pollution control, Radiation


Decree No. 178 of 2010 (V. 13.) of the Government concerning the determination of areas at risk of flood or inland inundation, and the preparation and the content of hazard and risk maps and of risk management plans.

Legislation | Hungary | 2010 (2012)

Keyword: Access-to-information, Data collection/reporting, Flood, Inland waters, International relations/cooperation, Risk assessment/management, Surface water, Zoning


Decree No. 234 of 2011 (XI. 10.) of the Government implementing Act No. CXXVIII of 2011 concerning disaster management and amending certain related acts.

Legislation | Hungary | 2011 (2014)

Keyword: Classification/declassification, Hazards, Risk assessment/management, International relations/cooperation


Decree No. 112 of 2011 (VII. 4.) Korm. of the Government concerning European and international obligations in the field of nuclear energy of the National Atomic Energy Office and its related duties, on the appointment of technical authorities collaborating with the Office in its proceedings, on the measure of fines leviable, and on the scientific board which assists the Office in its work.

Legislation | Hungary | 2011 (2014)

Keyword: Governance, Institution, Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Nuclear energy, Offences/penalties


Decree No. 190 of 2011 (IX. 19.) Korm. of the Government concerning physical protection in the use of atomic energy and related authorization, reporting and controlling system.

Legislation | Hungary | 2011 (2014)

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Data collection/reporting, Classification/declassification, Nuclear energy, Radiation, Transport/storage, Pollution control, Hazardous waste


Decree No. 72 of 2000 (V. 19. ) Korm. of the Government concerning special requisites for the acquisition of property rights on certain substances, equipments and facilities used in atomic energy industry, and on the reporting system of possession and operation thereof.

Legislation | Hungary | 2000 (2015)

Keyword: Nuclear energy, Data collection/reporting, Authorization/permit


Amended by

Act No. XXII of 2013 on the Hungarian Utilities and Energy Control Agency.

Legislation | Hungary | 2013

Keyword: Institution, Governance


Act No. VII of 2015 concerning the investment in relation to the capacity conservation of the Nuclear Energy Plant of Paks and modifying certain related acts.

Legislation | Hungary | 2015

Keyword: Contract/agreement, Energy conservation/energy production, Nuclear energy