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International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78) (Feb. 17, 1978)

Countries/Territories Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Algeria May 1, 1989 Jan 31, 1989 [2] -
Angola Jan 4, 2002 Oct 4, 2001 [2] -
Antigua and Barbuda Apr 29, 1988 Jan 29, 1988 [2] -
Argentina Dec 1, 1993 Aug 31, 1993 [2] -
Australia Jan 14, 1988 Oct 14, 1987 [1] May 30, 1972
Austria Aug 27, 1988 May 27, 1988 [2] -
Azerbaijan Oct 16, 2004 Jul 16, 2004 [2] -
Barbados Aug 6, 1994 May 6, 1994 [2] -
Belgium Jun 6, 1984 Mar 6, 1984 [2] -
Benin May 11, 2000 Feb 11, 2000 [2] -
Bangladesh Mar 18, 2003 Dec 18, 2002 [2] -
Bahamas Oct 2, 1983 Jun 7, 1983 [2] -
Belarus Apr 7, 1994 Jan 7, 1994 [2] -
Belize Aug 26, 1995 May 26, 1995 [2] -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Sep 4, 1999 Jun 4, 1999 [2] -
Brazil Apr 29, 1988 Jan 29, 1988 [1] -
Brunei Darussalam Jan 23, 1987 Oct 23, 1986 [2] -
Bulgaria Mar 12, 1985 Dec 12, 1984 [2] -
Cambodia Feb 28, 1995 Nov 28, 1994 [2] -
Canada Feb 16, 1993 Nov 16, 1992 [2] -
Chile Jan 10, 1995 Oct 10, 1994 [2] -
China Oct 2, 1983 Jul 1, 1983 [2] -
Colombia Oct 2, 1983 Jul 27, 1981 [2] -
Comoros Feb 22, 2001 Nov 22, 2000 [2] -
Congo Dec 7, 2004 Sep 7, 2004 [2] -
Croatia Oct 8, 1991 Oct 8, 1991 [4] -
Cuba Mar 21, 1993 Dec 21, 1992 [2] -
Cabo Verde Oct 4, 2003 Jul 4, 2003 [2] -
Cyprus Sep 22, 1989 Jun 22, 1989 [2] -
Czech Republic Jan 1, 1993 Jan 1, 1993 [4] -
Denmark Oct 2, 1983 Nov 27, 1980 [2] -
Djibouti Jun 1, 1990 Mar 1, 1990 [2] -
Dominica Sep 21, 2000 Jun 21, 2000 [2] -
Dominican Republic Sep 24, 1999 Jun 24, 1999 [2] -
Ecuador Aug 18, 1990 May 18, 1990 [2] -
Egypt Nov 7, 1986 Aug 7, 1986 [2] -
Equatorial Guinea Jul 24, 1996 Apr 24, 1996 [2] -
Estonia Mar 16, 1992 Dec 16, 1991 [2] -
Finland Oct 2, 1983 Sep 20, 1983 [2] -
France Oct 2, 1983 Sep 25, 1981 [3] Mar 6, 1979
Gabon Oct 2, 1983 Apr 26, 1983 [2] -
Gambia Feb 1, 1992 Nov 1, 1991 [2] -
United Kingdom Oct 2, 1983 May 22, 1980 [1] Aug 24, 1978
Georgia Feb 8, 1995 Nov 8, 1994 [2] -
Germany Oct 2, 1983 Jan 21, 1982 [1] Nov 16, 1978
Ghana Sep 3, 1991 Jun 3, 1991 [2] -
Greece Oct 2, 1983 Sep 23, 1982 [2] -
Honduras Nov 21, 2001 Aug 21, 2001 [2] -
Hungary Apr 14, 1985 Jan 14, 1985 [2] -
Iceland Sep 25, 1985 Jun 25, 1985 [2] -
India Dec 24, 1986 Sep 24, 1986 [2] -
Indonesia Jan 21, 1987 Oct 21, 1986 [2] -
Iran, Islamic Republic of Jan 25, 2003 Oct 25, 2002 [2] -
Ireland Apr 6, 1995 Jan 6, 1995 [2] -
Israel Oct 2, 1983 Aug 31, 1983 [2] -
Italy Oct 2, 1983 Oct 1, 1982 [2] -
Côte d'Ivoire Jan 5, 1988 Oct 5, 1987 [2] -
Jamaica Jun 13, 1991 Mar 13, 1991 [2] -
Japan Oct 2, 1983 Jun 9, 1983 [2] -
Kazakhstan Jun 7, 1994 Mar 7, 1994 [2] -
Kenya Mar 15, 1993 Dec 15, 1992 [2] -
Korea, Republic of Oct 23, 1984 Jul 23, 1984 [2] -
Latvia Aug 20, 1992 May 20, 1992 [2] -
Liberia Oct 2, 1983 Oct 28, 1980 [1] Oct 24, 1978
Lebanon Oct 2, 1983 Jul 18, 1983 [2] -
Libya Jul 28, 2005 Apr 28, 2005 [2] -
Lithuania Mar 4, 1992 Dec 4, 1991 [2] -
Luxembourg May 14, 1991 Feb 14, 1991 [2] -
Madagascar Nov 30, 2005 Aug 30, 2005 [2] -
Malaysia May 1, 1997 Jan 31, 1997 [2] -
Marshall Islands Jul 26, 1988 Apr 26, 1988 [2] -
Mauritius Jul 6, 1995 Apr 6, 1995 [2] -
Mauritania Feb 24, 1998 Nov 24, 1997 [2] -
Maldives Aug 20, 2005 May 20, 2005 [2] -
Mexico Jul 23, 1992 Apr 23, 1992 [1] Jun 1, 1978
Malta Sep 21, 1991 Jun 21, 1991 [2] -
Malawi Mar 17, 2002 Dec 17, 2001 [2] -
Monaco Nov 20, 1992 Aug 20, 1992 [2] -
Moldova, Republic of Jan 11, 2006 Oct 11, 2005 [2] -
Mongolia Jan 15, 2004 Oct 15, 2003 [2] -
Morocco Jan 12, 1994 Oct 12, 1993 [2] -
Mozambique Feb 9, 2006 Nov 9, 2005 [2] -
Myanmar Aug 4, 1988 May 4, 1988 [2] -
Namibia Mar 18, 2003 Dec 18, 2002 [2] -
Netherlands Oct 2, 1983 Jun 30, 1983 [3] Nov 17, 1978
Nicaragua May 1, 2001 Feb 1, 2001 [2] -
Nigeria Aug 24, 2002 May 24, 2002 [2] -
Norway Oct 2, 1983 Jul 15, 1980 [2] -
New Zealand Dec 25, 1998 Sep 25, 1998 [2] -
Oman Jun 13, 1984 Mar 13, 1984 [2] -
Pakistan Feb 22, 1995 Nov 22, 1994 [2] -
Panama May 20, 1985 Feb 20, 1985 [2] -
Peru Oct 2, 1983 Apr 25, 1980 [2] -
Philippines Sep 15, 2001 Jun 15, 2001 [2] -
Papua New Guinea Jan 25, 1994 Oct 25, 1993 [2] -
Poland Jul 1, 1986 Apr 1, 1986 [1] Oct 16, 1978
Portugal Jan 22, 1988 Oct 22, 1987 [2] -
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. Aug 1, 1985 May 1, 1985 [2] -
Qatar Jun 8, 2006 Mar 8, 2006 [2] -
Romania Jul 15, 1993 Apr 15, 1993 [2] -
Russian Federation Feb 3, 1984 Nov 3, 1983 [2] -
South Africa Feb 28, 1985 Nov 28, 1984 [2] -
Samoa May 7, 2002 Feb 7, 2002 [2] -
Sao Tome and Principe Jan 29, 1999 Oct 29, 1998 [2] -
Saudi Arabia Aug 23, 2005 May 23, 2005 [2] -
Senegal Apr 16, 1997 Jan 16, 1997 [2] -
Seychelles Feb 28, 1991 Nov 28, 1990 [2] -
Sierra Leone Oct 26, 2001 Jul 26, 2001 [2] -
Singapore Feb 1, 1991 Nov 1, 1990 [2] -
Slovenia Jun 25, 1991 Jun 25, 1991 [4] -
Slovakia Jan 1, 1993 Jan 1, 1993 [4] -
Solomon Islands Sep 30, 2004 Jun 30, 2004 [2] -
Spain Oct 6, 1984 Jul 6, 1984 [1] May 16, 1979
Sri Lanka Sep 24, 1997 Jun 24, 1997 [2] -
Saint Kitts and Nevis Mar 24, 1998 Dec 24, 1997 [2] -
Saint Lucia Oct 12, 2000 Jul 12, 2000 [2] -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Jan 28, 1984 Oct 28, 1983 [2] -
Suriname Feb 4, 1989 Nov 4, 1988 [2] -
Sweden Oct 2, 1983 Jun 9, 1980 [1] Mar 1, 1979
Switzerland Mar 15, 1988 Dec 15, 1987 [2] -
Syrian Arab Republic Feb 9, 1989 Nov 9, 1988 [2] -
Togo May 9, 1990 Feb 9, 1990 [2] -
Tonga May 1, 1996 Feb 1, 1996 [2] -
Trinidad and Tobago Jun 6, 2000 Mar 6, 2000 [2] -
Tunisia Oct 2, 1983 Oct 10, 1980 [2] -
Turkey Jan 10, 1991 Oct 10, 1990 [2] -
Tuvalu Nov 22, 1985 Aug 22, 1985 [2] -
Ukraine Jan 25, 1994 Oct 25, 1993 [2] -
Uruguay Oct 2, 1983 Apr 30, 1979 [6] -
United States of America Oct 2, 1983 Aug 12, 1980 [1] Jun 27, 1978
Vanuatu Jul 13, 1989 Apr 13, 1989 [2] -
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of Oct 29, 1994 Jul 29, 1994 [2] -
Viet Nam Aug 29, 1991 May 29, 1991 [2] -
Albania Apr 9, 2007 Jan 9, 2007 [2] -
Bahrain Jul 27, 2007 Apr 27, 2007 [2] -
Jordan Sep 2, 2006 Jun 2, 2006 [2] -
Kiribati May 5, 2007 Feb 5, 2007 [2] -
Montenegro Jun 3, 2006 Jun 3, 2006 [4] -
Serbia Jun 3, 2006 Jun 3, 2006 [4] -
United Arab Emirates Apr 15, 2007 Jan 15, 2007 [2] -
Guatemala Feb 3, 1998 Nov 3, 1997 [2] -
Guinea Jan 2, 2003 Oct 2, 2002 [2] -
Guyana Mar 10, 1998 Dec 10, 1997 [2] -
Kuwait Nov 7, 2007 Aug 7, 2007 [2] -
Thailand Feb 2, 2008 Nov 2, 2007 [2] -
El Salvador Dec 24, 2008 Sep 24, 2008 [2] -
Turkmenistan May 4, 2009 Feb 4, 2009 [2] -
Cook Islands (New Zealand) Jun 12, 2007 Mar 12, 2007 [2] -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of Oct 23, 2008 Jul 23, 2008 [2] -
Palau Dec 29, 2011 Sep 29, 2011 [2] -
Niue (New Zealand) Sep 27, 2012 Jun 27, 2012 [2] -
Cameroon Dec 18, 2009 Sep 18, 2009 [2] -
Fiji Jun 8, 2016 Mar 8, 2016 [2] -
Guinea-Bissau Jan 24, 2017 Oct 24, 2016 [2] -
Grenada Oct 26, 2018 Jul 26, 2018 [2] -
Iraq May 6, 2018 Feb 6, 2018 [2] -
Uganda Jul 3, 2019 Apr 3, 2019 [2] -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature