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Energy Charter Treaty (Dec. 17, 1994)

Countries/Territories Entry into force Ratification * Provisional application Simple signature Withdrawal
Albania May 13, 1998 Feb 12, 1998 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Armenia Apr 19, 1998 Jan 19, 1998 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Australia - - - Dec 17, 1994 -
Austria Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Azerbaijan Apr 16, 1998 Dec 17, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Belarus - - Apr 16, 1998 Dec 17, 1994 -
Belgium Aug 6, 1998 May 8, 1998 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Bosnia and Herzegovina Aug 15, 2001 May 17, 2001 [1] - Jun 14, 1995 -
Bulgaria Apr 16, 1998 Nov 15, 1996 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Croatia Apr 16, 1998 Dec 9, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Cyprus Apr 16, 1998 Jan 16, 1998 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Czech Republic Apr 16, 1998 Jun 17, 1996 [1] - Jun 8, 1995 -
Denmark Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
European Union Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [3] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Estonia Aug 2, 1998 May 4, 1998 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Finland Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
France Dec 28, 1999 Sep 28, 1999 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Georgia Apr 16, 1998 Jul 12, 1995 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Germany Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Greece Apr 16, 1998 Sep 4, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Hungary Jul 7, 1998 Apr 8, 1998 [1] - Feb 27, 1995 -
Iceland Oct 18, 2015 Jul 20, 2015 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Ireland Jul 14, 1999 Apr 15, 1999 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Italy Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 Jan 1, 2016
Japan Oct 21, 2002 Jul 23, 2002 [1] - Jun 16, 1995 -
Kazakhstan Apr 16, 1998 Aug 6, 1996 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Kyrgyzstan Apr 16, 1998 Jul 7, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Latvia Apr 16, 1998 Jan 23, 1996 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Liechtenstein Apr 16, 1998 Dec 12, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Lithuania Dec 13, 1998 Sep 14, 1998 [1] - Apr 5, 1995 -
Luxembourg Apr 16, 1998 Nov 27, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Malta Jun 25, 1998 Mar 27, 1998 [2] - - -
Moldova, Republic of Aug 28, 2001 May 30, 2001 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Mongolia Apr 16, 1998 Jun 22, 1996 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Netherlands Mar 19, 2000 Nov 19, 1999 [2] - - -
Norway Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [3] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Poland - - - Jun 16, 1995 -
Portugal Jul 23, 2001 Apr 24, 2001 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Romania Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [3] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Russian Federation Apr 16, 1998 Aug 12, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Slovakia - - - Dec 17, 1994 -
Slovenia Apr 16, 1998 Oct 16, 1995 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Spain Apr 16, 1998 Sep 10, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Sweden Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Switzerland Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Tajikistan Apr 16, 1998 Sep 19, 1996 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Turkey Apr 16, 1998 Jun 25, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Turkmenistan Jul 4, 2001 Apr 5, 2001 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Ukraine Apr 16, 1998 Jul 17, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
United Kingdom Jan 27, 1999 Oct 29, 1998 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Uzbekistan Apr 16, 1998 Dec 16, 1997 [1] - Dec 17, 1994 -
Afghanistan Apr 16, 1998 Mar 12, 1996 [1] - Apr 5, 1995 -
Montenegro Jun 20, 2013 Mar 22, 2013 [1] - - -
North Macedonia Dec 7, 2015 Sep 8, 2015 [1] - - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature