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People of the Philippines v. Juanito Solon

Country/Territory
Philippines
Type of court
National - higher court
Date
Nov 23, 1960
Source
UNEP, InforMEA
Court name
Supreme Court of the Philippines
Seat of court
Manila
Judge
Barrera
Reference number
G.R. No. L-14864
Language
English
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances
Keyword
Hygiene/sanitary procedures Waste prevention Human rights Public health Waste management Constitutional law Organic waste
Abstract

The defendant, Juanito Solon, was convicted and fined for having violated Cebu City Ordinance No. 241 which required drivers of vehicle-drawing animals to properly dispose of the waste discharged by the animals while travelling on roads. He challenged this conviction arguing that the Ordinance was invalid, because it violated the constitutional prohibition against discriminatory legislation seeing as it only applied to owners of vehicle-drawing animals rather than to all owners of animals.

The Supreme Court held that limited application of a statute did not necessarily violate the constitutional guarantee of equal protection, if the limitation was based on reasonable rather than arbitrary criteria. Ordinance No. 241 served the purpose of promoting the health and well-being of residents by eliminating animal waste in public spaces and the number of vehicle-drawing animals was significantly higher than other animals so that they posed a greater health concern. Therefore, the Ordinance’s limitation was based on reasonable criteria and was thus held not to violate the equal protection clause of the Constitution.

Full text
Website
www.globalhealthrights.org