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Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Jan. 29, 2000)

Countries/Territories Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Albania May 8, 2005 Feb 8, 2005 [2] -
Algeria Nov 3, 2004 Aug 5, 2004 [1] May 25, 2000
Antigua and Barbuda Sep 11, 2003 Sep 10, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Argentina - - May 24, 2000
Armenia Jul 29, 2004 Apr 30, 2004 [2] -
Austria Sep 11, 2003 Aug 27, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Barbados Sep 11, 2003 Sep 6, 2002 [2] -
Belgium Jul 14, 2004 Apr 15, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Benin Jun 2, 2005 Mar 2, 2005 [1] May 24, 2000
Bangladesh May 5, 2004 Feb 5, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Bahamas Apr 14, 2004 Jan 15, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Bhutan Sep 11, 2003 Aug 26, 2002 [2] -
Burkina Faso Nov 2, 2003 Aug 4, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Belarus Sep 11, 2003 Aug 26, 2002 [2] -
Belize May 12, 2004 Feb 12, 2004 [2] -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Sep 11, 2003 Apr 22, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Botswana Sep 11, 2003 Jun 11, 2002 [1] Jun 1, 2001
Brazil Feb 22, 2004 Nov 24, 2003 [2] -
Bulgaria Sep 11, 2003 Oct 13, 2000 [1] May 24, 2000
Central African Republic Feb 16, 2009 Nov 18, 2008 [1] May 24, 2000
Cambodia Dec 16, 2003 Sep 17, 2003 [2] -
Canada - - Apr 19, 2001
Chad Feb 1, 2007 Nov 1, 2006 [1] May 24, 2000
Chile - - May 24, 2000
China Sep 8, 2005 Jun 8, 2005 [3] Aug 8, 2000
Cameroon Sep 11, 2003 Feb 20, 2003 [1] Feb 9, 2001
Congo, Dem. Rep. of Jun 21, 2005 Mar 23, 2005 [2] -
Colombia Sep 11, 2003 May 20, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Congo Oct 13, 2006 Jul 13, 2006 [1] Nov 21, 2000
Costa Rica May 7, 2007 Feb 6, 2007 [1] May 24, 2000
Croatia Sep 11, 2003 Aug 29, 2002 [1] Sep 8, 2000
Cuba Sep 11, 2003 Sep 17, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Cabo Verde Feb 1, 2006 Nov 1, 2005 [2] -
Cyprus Mar 4, 2004 Dec 5, 2003 [2] -
Czech Republic Sep 11, 2003 Oct 8, 2001 [1] May 24, 2000
Denmark Sep 11, 2003 Aug 27, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Djibouti Sep 11, 2003 Apr 8, 2002 [2] -
Dominica Oct 11, 2004 Jul 13, 2004 [2] -
Dominican Republic Sep 18, 2006 Jun 20, 2006 [2] -
Ecuador Sep 11, 2003 Jan 30, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Egypt Mar 22, 2004 Dec 23, 2003 [1] Dec 20, 2000
El Salvador Dec 25, 2003 Sep 26, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Eritrea Jun 10, 2005 Mar 10, 2005 [2] -
Estonia Jun 22, 2004 Mar 24, 2004 [1] Sep 6, 2000
Ethiopia Jan 7, 2004 Oct 9, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
European Union Sep 11, 2003 Aug 27, 2002 [3] May 24, 2000
Fiji Sep 11, 2003 Jun 5, 2001 [1] May 2, 2001
Finland Oct 7, 2004 Jul 9, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
France Sep 11, 2003 Apr 7, 2003 [3] May 24, 2000
Gambia Jul 9, 2004 Jun 9, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
United Kingdom Feb 17, 2004 Nov 19, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Germany Feb 18, 2004 Nov 20, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Ghana Sep 11, 2003 May 30, 2003 [2] -
Greece Aug 19, 2004 May 21, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Grenada May 5, 2004 Feb 5, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Guatemala Feb 5, 2005 Oct 28, 2004 [2] -
Guinea Mar 10, 2008 Dec 11, 2007 [1] May 24, 2000
Haiti - - May 24, 2000
Honduras Feb 18, 2009 Nov 18, 2008 [1] May 24, 2000
Hungary Apr 12, 2004 Jan 13, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Iceland - - Jun 1, 2001
India Sep 11, 2003 Jan 17, 2003 [1] Jan 23, 2001
Indonesia Mar 2, 2005 Dec 3, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Iran, Islamic Republic of Feb 4, 2004 Nov 20, 2003 [1] Apr 23, 2001
Ireland Nov 14, 2003 Nov 14, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Italy Jun 22, 2004 Mar 24, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Jamaica Dec 24, 2012 Sep 25, 2012 [1] Jun 4, 2001
Japan Feb 19, 2004 Nov 21, 2003 [2] -
Jordan Feb 9, 2004 Nov 11, 2003 [1] Oct 11, 2000
Kenya Sep 11, 2003 Jan 24, 2002 [1] May 15, 2000
Kiribati Jul 19, 2004 Apr 20, 2004 [1] Sep 7, 2000
Korea, Republic of Jan 2, 2008 Oct 3, 2007 [1] Sep 6, 2000
Kyrgyzstan Jan 5, 2006 Oct 5, 2005 [2] -
Lao, People's Dem. Rep. Nov 1, 2004 Aug 3, 2004 [2] -
Latvia May 13, 2004 Feb 13, 2004 [2] -
Liberia Sep 11, 2003 Feb 15, 2002 [2] -
Lesotho Sep 11, 2003 Sep 20, 2001 [2] -
Libya Sep 14, 2005 Jun 14, 2005 [2] -
Lithuania Feb 5, 2004 Nov 7, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Luxembourg Sep 11, 2003 Aug 28, 2002 [1] Jul 11, 2000
North Macedonia Sep 14, 2005 Jun 14, 2005 [1] Jul 26, 2000
Madagascar Feb 22, 2004 Nov 24, 2003 [1] Sep 14, 2000
Malaysia Sep 11, 2003 Sep 3, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Marshall Islands Sep 11, 2003 Jan 27, 2003 [2] -
Mauritius Sep 11, 2003 Apr 11, 2002 [2] -
Mauritania Oct 22, 2005 Jul 22, 2005 [2] -
Maldives Sep 11, 2003 Sep 3, 2002 [2] -
Mexico Sep 11, 2003 Aug 27, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Mali Sep 11, 2003 Aug 28, 2002 [1] Apr 4, 2001
Malawi May 28, 2009 Feb 27, 2009 [1] May 24, 2000
Monaco - - May 24, 2000
Moldova, Republic of Sep 11, 2003 Mar 4, 2003 [1] Feb 14, 2001
Mongolia Sep 11, 2003 Jul 22, 2003 [2] -
Morocco Jul 24, 2011 Apr 25, 2011 [1] May 25, 2000
Mozambique Sep 11, 2003 Oct 21, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Myanmar May 13, 2008 Feb 13, 2008 [1] May 11, 2001
Namibia May 10, 2005 Feb 10, 2005 [1] May 24, 2000
Nauru Sep 11, 2003 Nov 12, 2001 [2] -
Nepal - - Mar 2, 2001
Niger Dec 29, 2004 Sep 30, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Netherlands Sep 11, 2003 Jan 8, 2002 [3] May 24, 2000
Nicaragua Sep 11, 2003 Aug 28, 2002 [1] May 26, 2000
Nigeria Sep 11, 2003 Jul 15, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Norway Sep 11, 2003 May 10, 2001 [1] May 24, 2000
New Zealand May 24, 2005 Feb 24, 2005 [1] May 24, 2000
Oman Sep 11, 2003 Apr 11, 2003 [2] -
Pakistan May 31, 2009 Mar 2, 2009 [1] Jun 4, 2001
Panama Sep 11, 2003 May 1, 2002 [1] May 11, 2001
Paraguay Jun 9, 2004 Mar 10, 2004 [1] May 3, 2001
Palau Sep 11, 2003 Jun 13, 2003 [1] May 29, 2001
Peru Jul 13, 2004 Apr 14, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Philippines Jan 3, 2007 Oct 5, 2006 [1] May 24, 2000
Papua New Guinea Jan 14, 2006 Oct 14, 2005 [2] -
Poland Mar 9, 2004 Dec 10, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Portugal Dec 29, 2004 Sep 30, 2004 [3] May 24, 2000
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. Sep 11, 2003 Jul 29, 2003 [1] Apr 20, 2001
Romania Sep 11, 2003 Jun 30, 2003 [1] Oct 11, 2000
Rwanda Oct 20, 2004 Jul 22, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
South Africa Sep 11, 2003 Aug 14, 2003 [2] -
Samoa Sep 11, 2003 May 30, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Serbia May 9, 2006 Feb 8, 2006 [2] -
Senegal Jan 6, 2004 Oct 8, 2003 [1] Oct 31, 2000
Seychelles Nov 8, 2004 May 13, 2004 [1] Jan 23, 2001
Slovakia Feb 22, 2004 Nov 24, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Slovenia Sep 11, 2003 Nov 20, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Solomon Islands Oct 26, 2004 Jul 28, 2004 [2] -
Spain Sep 11, 2003 Jan 16, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Sri Lanka Jul 27, 2004 Apr 28, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Saint Kitts and Nevis Sep 11, 2003 May 23, 2001 [2] -
Saint Lucia Sep 16, 2005 Jun 16, 2005 [2] -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sep 11, 2003 Aug 27, 2003 [2] -
Sudan Sep 13, 2005 Jun 13, 2005 [2] -
Eswatini, Kingdom of Apr 13, 2006 Jan 13, 2006 [2] -
Sweden Sep 11, 2003 Aug 8, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Switzerland Sep 11, 2003 Mar 26, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Syrian Arab Republic Jun 30, 2004 Apr 1, 2004 [2] -
Tajikistan May 12, 2004 Feb 12, 2004 [2] -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of Sep 11, 2003 Apr 24, 2003 [2] -
Thailand Feb 10, 2006 Nov 10, 2005 [2] -
Togo Sep 30, 2004 Jul 2, 2004 [1] May 24, 2000
Tonga Dec 17, 2003 Sep 18, 2003 [2] -
Trinidad and Tobago Sep 11, 2003 Oct 5, 2000 [2] -
Tunisia Sep 11, 2003 Jan 22, 2003 [1] Apr 19, 2001
Turkey Jan 22, 2004 Oct 24, 2003 [1] May 24, 2000
Uganda Sep 11, 2003 Nov 30, 2001 [1] May 24, 2000
Ukraine Sep 11, 2003 Dec 6, 2002 [2] -
Uruguay Jan 31, 2012 Nov 2, 2011 [1] Jun 1, 2001
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of Sep 11, 2003 May 13, 2002 [1] May 24, 2000
Viet Nam Apr 20, 2004 Jan 21, 2004 [2] -
Yemen Mar 1, 2006 Dec 1, 2005 [2] -
Zambia Jul 26, 2004 Apr 27, 2004 [2] -
Zimbabwe May 25, 2005 Feb 25, 2005 [1] Jun 4, 2001
Malta Apr 5, 2007 Jan 5, 2007 [2] -
Montenegro Jan 21, 2007 Oct 23, 2006 [4] -
Qatar Jun 12, 2007 Mar 14, 2007 [2] -
Gabon Jul 31, 2007 May 2, 2007 [2] -
Saudi Arabia Nov 7, 2007 Aug 9, 2007 [2] -
Guyana Jun 16, 2008 Mar 18, 2008 [2] -
Suriname Jun 25, 2008 Mar 27, 2008 [2] -
Azerbaijan Jun 30, 2005 Apr 1, 2005 [2] -
Burundi Jan 2, 2009 Oct 2, 2008 [2] -
Cook Islands (New Zealand) - - May 21, 2001
Kazakhstan Dec 8, 2008 Sep 8, 2008 [2] -
Niue (New Zealand) Sep 11, 2003 Jul 8, 2002 [2] -
Turkmenistan Nov 21, 2008 Aug 21, 2008 [2] -
Georgia Feb 2, 2009 Nov 4, 2008 [2] -
Comoros Jun 23, 2009 Mar 25, 2009 [2] -
Bosnia and Herzegovina Dec 30, 2009 Oct 1, 2009 [2] -
Angola May 27, 2009 Feb 27, 2009 [2] -
Guinea-Bissau Aug 17, 2010 May 19, 2010 [2] -
Somalia Oct 24, 2010 Jul 26, 2010 [2] -
Bahrain May 7, 2012 Feb 7, 2012 [2] -
Lebanon May 7, 2013 Feb 6, 2013 [2] -
Afghanistan Feb 20, 2013 Feb 20, 2013 [2] -
Iraq Jun 1, 2014 Mar 3, 2014 [2] -
United Arab Emirates Dec 11, 2014 Sep 12, 2014 [2] -
Palestinian Authority Apr 2, 2015 Jan 2, 2015 [2] -
Côte d'Ivoire Jun 10, 2015 Mar 12, 2015 [2] -
Kuwait Aug 30, 2017 Jun 1, 2017 [2] -
Uzbekistan Jan 23, 2020 Oct 25, 2019 [2] -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature