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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
May 9, 1992
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001147)
Title abbreviation

UNFCCC

Title (French)

Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques

Title (Spanish)

Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático

Title (Other)

Rahmenübereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen über Klimaänderungen

Place of adoption
New York
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
English, French, Arabic, Chinese, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Mar 21, 1994
Subject
Air & atmosphere
Keyword
Sustainable development Climate change Public participation International organization Education Intergenerational equity Precautionary principle Emissions Ozone layer Access-to-information Data collection/reporting Inventory Monitoring EIA Research Technology transfer Dispute settlement
Abstract

Objectives: To regulate levels of greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere, so as to avoid the occurrence of climate change on a level that would impede sustainable economic development, or compromise initiatives in food production. Summary of provisions: (a) Definitions of the basic terminology of the Convention, such as “climate change”, “climate system”, “emissions”, “greenhouse gases”, “reservoir”, “sink”, “source” (art. 1); (b) Principles to guide the Parties in their pursuit of the Convention’s objectives (art. 3). The Parties are to protect the climate system for present and future generations. Developing countries should be accorded appropriate assistance to enable them to fulfil the terms of the Convention. The Parties should work in cooperation, so as to obtain maximum benefit from initiatives in the control of the climate systems; (c) Commitments assumed under the Convention (art. 49. Parties are to prepare national inventories on greenhouse gas emissions, and on actions taken to remove them; formulate and implement programmes for the control of climate change; undertake cooperation in technology for the control of change in the climate system; incorporate suitable policies for the control of climate change in national plans; undertake education and training policies that will enhance public awareness in relation to climate change. The developed country Parties (and other Parties listed in annex I) commit themselves to take special measures to limit their anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, and to enhance the capacity of their sinks and reservoirs for the stabilization of such gases. The developed country Parties ( and other Parties listed in annex II) undertake to accord financial support to developing country Parties, enable the latter to comply with the terms of the Convention; (d) Cooperation by Parties in the establishment and promotion of networks and programmes of research into and systematic observation of climate change (art. 5); (e) Establishment of a Conference of Parties, to be the supreme body of the Convention and to oversee the implementation of the Convention (arts. 7,8,9 and 10); (f) Establishment of a financial mechanism, to provide resources on a grant or concessional basis, for the fulfilment of the objectives of the Convention (art. 11); (g) Procedure for the settlement of disputes (art. 14). (Source: UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 2005)

Full text
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Website
unfccc.int
treaties.un.org

Country/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan
Albania -
Algeria
Andorra -
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina -
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam -
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia -
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Cook Islands (New Zealand)
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Côte d'Ivoire
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica -
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea -
Eritrea -
Estonia
Ethiopia
European Union
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia -
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iraq -
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait -
Kyrgyzstan -
Lao, People's Dem. Rep. -
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYR -
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia, Fed. States
Moldova, Republic of
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro -
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue (New Zealand) -
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau -
Palestinian Authority -
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar -
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -
Senegal
Serbia -
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia -
South Africa
South Sudan -
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic -
Tajikistan -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of
Thailand
Timor-Leste -
Togo
Tonga -
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey -
Turkmenistan -
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates -
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan -
Vanuatu
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Literature
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